Walla Walla Union Bulletin

August 05, 1945

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Issue date: Sunday, August 5, 1945

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Walla Walla Union-Bulletin (Newspaper) - August 5, 1945, Walla Walla, Washington The National Whirligig Newt Behind the WaahlnftOB Key Tucker Kew Albert N. Leman WASHINGTON, D. principal bargaining as- let at the Potsdam conference was United States gold or its equivalent In Although it it not gen- erally realized, the American chief executive arrived at the meeting with assurances that this country will finance the restoration of a large portion of the -world. Commitments already made by congress contemplate the lending abroad of from three to five bil- lion dollars annually for the next five or possibly 10 years. President Roosevelt inspired the project, his tuccessor intends to carry it out and the legislative branch has un- derwritten it. In return, of course, we expect to sell a substantial of goods overseas. While the German surrender, the naval-air blitz against Japan and debate over the charter have over- shadowed preparations for extend- ing foreign subsidies, the gentle- men on Capitol hill have imple- mented the program. They have done so with hardly any bickering or recriminations about unpaid World war I debts, and, understand- ably enough, they have passed most of the enabling legislation in the few months since Truman's acces- sion to the presidency. According to congressional cor- ridor gossip, they have turned this power over to the Missourian be- cause tney believe he will use it to make a good deal for the U. S. There might have been more ob- jection to tapping the treasury had F. D. R. lived, in view of recent revelations of the many generous promises he gave to Stalin and Churchill at their various world parleys. Generosity Even the most "econo- mic isolationists" on Capitol hill re- cognize that only the United States can provide prompt and extensive aid to world struggling to get back on its feet. The only two other possible Great Brit- Kin and bt recipients rather than lenders. As a result of this recognition, the legislators have repealed the Johnson act barring advances to defaulting debtors. They have au- thorized the Export-Import 'bank to lend an additional in next year. They have approved an international bank for recon- struction and development, with a lending power of Contimed on Editorial Page Wheat Harvest Passing Peak Wheat harvest in Walla Walla Was reported Saturday to be past the peak of activity, with some (roarers already having finished harvesting although others in the foothills area just getting Tinder way. Growers who were In. town Sat- urday reported that although yields were down considerably from ear- ly season expectations, they were generally running a little ahead of 10-year average which makes op the allotment basis for each .farm. Much of the grain was testing low in weight, in some cases as low as 53 pounds, but pending a check as to protein content it was not clear how much the cash re- turn to the growers would be af- fected. In case of high protein content the value of the grain would remain 'at a satisfactory point, pointed out. Some farmers in the Prescott district had about 10 days more to go, although some were com- pletely finished with this year's "harvest. Others in the -Dixie dis- trict and other foothills areas have just started or plan to do so early his coming week. Other farming activity was show- ing temporary lull, with the to- mato harvest at Freewater past its peak and only a few onions being harvested. Next big crop is prunes, with the early varieties expected to be ready for picking about August 10. Har- vesting of the Italian variety, which constitutes the bulk at the crop of this area, will start some 12 days later, it is estimated now. The ear- ly prunes are figured at about 75 cars, while the entire prune crop is estimated at nearly 300 cars larger than last or well over 1.500 cars for the total. Hot weather of recent weeks is said to have injured sugar beets to some extent on non-irrigated land, but most of the beets are being grown on land served by ir- rigaion water, according to the farm labor office. Walla W etin Our 77th Year, No. 84 Walia Walla, Wash., Sunday, August 5, 1945 Copy Sixteen Pages MacArthur Gets for Invasion Jap Hospital Ship Carries Contraband Faked Soldier Patients Are Found Aboard as Safe Conduct Privilege Is Abused by Nip Military MANILA, Sunday (ffV- A Japan- ese hospital ship which used "free conduct" under Red Cross insignia to move contraband war supplies through the allied block- ade of the East Indies is being taken into port by a U. S. Seventh fleet patrol vessel. General MacArthur's headquart- ers Saturday announced intercep- tion of the hospital ship, which also carried apparently faked sol- dier patients. The U. S. Sixth army reported an aditional 882 Japanese had been killed in the last three days on Luzon, the principal Philippine is- land. London received a report that Lt. Gen. Tomoyuki Yamashita, Japan- ese supreme commander during the Philippines campaign, had been killed on Luzon m a .bombing at- tack. MacArthur's report of the board- ing of the hospital ship, in the Banda sea north of Timor and roughly 400 miles north of Austral- ia, said approximately Japan- ese aboard were listed as patients. When the boarding party removed bandages from some of the patients, no wounds were found. Guns In Cases Machine guns, 75 millimeter shells and other ammunition were found packed in cases marked "medical headquarters said. In the announcement, neither the course of the vessel nor the port to which it is being taken was dis- closed. The Japanese still occupy most of the islands between New Guinea and Borneo, although the allied blockade has cut off all pos- sible escape, except for possible small scattered groups. The hospi- tal ship's crew was listed as 13 officers and 63 men. The report of Japanese- killed on Luzon, plus 142 captured, brought to the new total of Nippon- ese casualties and prisoners in this Philippines campaign, for which Yamashita was Imported as su- commander shortly after MacArthur's forces struck Yamashrta's death would mark a definite milestone in the drive to smash the Japanese in the South- (Continned en Page 5, Col. 7) Allocated Auto Reconversion WASHINGTON Recon version valued at approximately i.OOO has been authorized thus far the passenger automobile in- Reporting this Saturday, the war uctton board said that priori- assistance had granted for of construction. JS4.0S7.- ol equipment and of machine tools. The SigencT also has authorized fton-prioritr aid valued at 904. WOMEX PP MANILA UP) ArmT-direc'ed lice hare nesrlv l.OW prostitutes in Marvla dunne the 3as1 two days in a ef- fort to reduce the rale of ventral disease among soldiers and sailors In a snecp thai bmucht IT the prostitutes by tne load. 200 brolhcis have been placed "olf Bir.its" to Ire-ops. Is at McCaw First Lt. Vivian Weissblatt, prisoner of the Japs at Manila for 2'A years has been assigned at McCaw General (Army photo) She Survived Years in Jap Prison Camp A prisoner of the Japanese for two years and nine months, First Lt: Vivian Weissblatt, hospital dietitian, has reported for 30 days temporary duty at McCaw General hospital. Lt. Weissblatt, wife of United Press war correspondent, Franz Weissblatt, lived in Manila prior to the outbreak of war. She joined the army when hostilities began and served at Sternberg General hospital, Manila. December 31, 1941, she was transferred to Bataan and March 9, 1942 she was again moved to Corregidor. It was here, on May 6, 1942 that she, and many others were captured by the Japa- nese. On July 2, the Japs evacuated their prisoners by boat to Manila and they were placed in Santo Tomas interment camp. Lt. Weissblatt's husband was cap- tured January 7, 1942 during the battle of Bataan and though she was imprisoned less than four blocks away from him, she was never able to see him. Conditions Bad Describing conditions at Santo Tomas, Lt Weissblatt said, "We were housed 32 people in a room, many slept on desks as Santo Tom- as was a university prior to the war. Some had bedding, others had none, we all used that which we had brought along. Clothing was the same; the Japs provided us with nothing but food. However, if anyone really needed something we were able to help one another." The first two years the internees pooled their money to buy food and other items. These were purchased by a buyer who went to the gate under guard. However, during their last year of imprisonment, they were unable to purchase anything Pierre Laval Is Unwilling Tool of Nazis Witness Admits He fr Most Hated Man in France But Claims He Worked for Concessions PARIS Laval, pictur- ing himself as an unwilling tool of the Nazis, claimed at the trea- son trial of his Vichy chieftain, Marshal Henri Philippe Petain, Saturday that he had prevented the gestapo murder of two former French premiers. The arch-collaborator, who has been sentenced to death by a Mar- seille court, asserted he saved Leon Blum and Paul Reynaud from Nazi firing squads and professed ig- norance of the murder of Georges Mandel, celebrated martyr of anti- resistance. Through acklowledging in effect that he was the "most hated man in the swarty, white-tied ex-fugitive contended he and Pe- tain saved France from "asphyxia- tion" and asserted he twice refused to enter a military alliance with Germany, once at the time of the Angla-American landings in North Africa. Digging into the secrets of the Vichy regime, Laval maintained that French forces in Africa resist ed the allies "to prevent a German attack" and revealed that two American of them former ambassador to Vichy, Adm. William D. demanded an explanation for Laval's notor- ious "I desire a German victory" speech. Laval, who wound up his two days of testimony only a few min- utes before the 12th day of Petain's trial ended, declared he saved Blum and Reynaud from German firing squads by protesting to the Germans. He said that, as chief of the Vichy government, he learned the two former premiers of the Third republic "were going to be shot by the Germans in reprisal for the condemnation in Algiers of Pierre Pucheu (Vichy minister of the in- Laval asserted he also protested (Continued on Page 5, CoL 3) Seven Planes Hit Railroads By James Hmtchesoo MANILA, Sunday force of only seven 13th army air force Lightnings from the Philippines destroyed 37 enemy locomotives at Soerabaja. Java, Wednesday, Gen- eral MacArthur reported Sunday. The two-hour midday attack was their first long-range strike at the now-isolated Japanese naval base and was accomplished by refueling at newly-won Borneo bases. Air force headquarters described the destruction as being of "ex- plosive effect." have developed the long- range fighter into an instrument of destruction that works as well a thousand miles from base as it does 10 miles away." declared Maj. Gen. Paul B. Wurtsmith, command- er of the 13th A.F. "Last week's 2.100-mile flight on reconnaissance to Singapore by our P-38s was the longest ever flown, and this sweep tc Soerabaja should show the Nip he is not safe from our deadly deck-level attacks anywhere in the Indies or Asia." The fighters that struck Soeraba- ja flew from the Philippines, mak- ing the long round trip without en- countering air opposition. They met only moderate anti-aircraft fire in'June 30. 1946. Payment rates will their two hours over the target. vary from month to month, from the minimum set for August up to a maximum of for light lambs and J3.15 for those over 90 pounds. The rates for sheep and for lambs less than 65 pounds will re- main at throughout the year. The AAA committee said that the subsidy of 93 cents a hundred now being paid to packers will be with- drawn on Autrust 4. so that an gov- tary police Saturday picked up a eminent payments will ge directly colored soldier who has been thelto nroducers after August 5. (Continued Page Col. New Payments Due on Sheep Walla Walla county farmers and ranchers wUl be eligible to receive the new government payments on sheep and lambs marketed for slaughter, according to information received by the county AAA com- mittee. The new program is effective August 5. and payments will be made on all sales to legally autho- rized slaughterers after that date. Producers were cautioned to save all invoices and sales slips, as these will form the basis for the pay- ments. Payment rales for August will be a hundredweight lambs weighing 65 to 90 pounds; for lambs heavier than 90 pounds, and foi all o'iier sheep and larabs. Tbe program will extend through Sold Out to Nazis Coi. Roosevelt Bumped Off Air Ship by Civilian KANSAS CITY (fV-Col. James Roosevelt was "bumped off' a. westbound airliner Saturday, but he flashed a grin when a civilian with priority rating wisecracked: "But the dog went through." The unidentified civilian appar- ently was referring to the much- publicized incident involving Blaze, a dog owned by the Col- onel's brother. Brig. Gen. Elliott Roosevelt. Colonel Roosevelt, 37-year-old son of the late President Roose- velt, is home on sick leave after seven months in the Philippines. He hoped to obtain a reserva- tion on a train Saturday night. Pierre Laval and wife as they alight at Bonrget airfield near Paris from plane which brought them from Innsbruck, Austria, where be surrendered to Americans. Be was immediately taken to Frenes, France, prison. Potsdam Deals Give Reds Eastern Europe as Sphere Wanted Man Is Picked Up Here The city police department assist- ed by the sheriffs office and mili- ___ VMMVta WU.M-B BltUQt Wl. -W. oojert of an intense hunt by an Application fonrs and instruc- three departments, it was announe- tians were to be available at the erf _ ed Saturday afternoon by Chief of Police A. L. Jeffens. The soldier was wanted for mo-, Icstinfe small girt in the city parks! and swimming pools and was pick-1 ed up by military police at one ofi the Rates to the Walla army air field. For the past several days city police have received numerous calls stating that a soldier small at the various COTcrtJ. time the new program becomes effective. U. S. Pledged To Aid World WASHINGTON Through Pre- Repatriates To Be Brought to Home Free WASHINGTON state de- partment declared Saturday that American repatriated from the lib- erated Philippines, Guam and Wake will get special treatment because they were not warned to return before the war. Most repatriates are required to pay their own way home, but act- ing Secretary of State Grew said an arrangement had been made with the war department to bring citizens from their places home free. In a statement on the repatria- tion program since just before the war. Grew said "it is obvious that for political reasons Americans in the Philippines "would not be warned officially to return to the United States as were the citizens in Europe and Asia." The acting secretary reported more than 70.000 Americans and others brought out of war zones under the repatriation program since just before the war. including 8.674 from the Philippines "since the islands were liberated. Hirohito's Horse May Appear at Local Round-Up PENDLTEON W Hirohito's imperial white horse may appear at the Pendleton if Admiral W. F. "Bull" Halsey can corral it Lee Drake said Saturday he had written Admiral Halsey suggest- ing the Japanese emperor's horse "looked and that a tough outlaw bronc from the rodeo might be better. Halsey, an acquaintance of Drake, replied that suggestion was "intriguing and maybe some- thing could be done about it, if we can manage to capture that white horse." GIRL DIES OF BURNS SPOKANE UB Six-year-old Ju- dith Tool died 11 days after she was burned a gasoline lamp flared up and scattered burning gasoline on her while she was sleeping at a Deer lake cottage. '12.63 inches. Report Shows Month Is Hot July had 19 days when the tem- perature was 90 or higher, accord- ing to the monthly weather summa- ry just released. The longest per- iod nine days from July 5 to 13 inclusive. Highest mark was 102 on July 10 and it was 100 de- grees on July 12 and 27. Four of the days were so near 100 it was no fun, registering 99. The low mark for the month was 52 on July 31. Incidently the highest July tem- perature on record was 112 on July 25. 1928 and the lowest 45 on July Only a trace of rain fell during the month traces being July 13 and 28. Normal was for tie month is .39 of an inch. Accumulated precipitation since September 1 has been 16.04 in inch- es and since January 1 it has been WASHINGTON problems of Anglo-American relations with Russia are expected by diplomatic authorities here to arise from the jig three decisions at Potsdam. This is a point on -which offi- are looking to President Tru- man's Jadio report on the big three meeting for guidance and enlight- enment The president, homeward bound on the cruiser Augusta, is already working on the address which he will broadcast soon after arriving here early in the week. On the basis of information made available to date, the situation set up at Potsdam is regarded general- ly as. follows: The big three decisions empha- size a-sharp division between east ern and western Europe. They tend to confirm, with British and Ameri- can recognition. Soviet domination of all the eastern European coun- tries ranging from, Finland in the north to Bulgaria in the south, Greece evidently remains in Bri tain's sphere of influence. The problem of Turkish and Russian ac- cess to the seas through the Darda- nelles is not touched upon. This may come to be looked up- on, as some experts here are al ready suggesting, as a reversal of the emphasis at Yalta only six months ago. President Roosevelt Prime Minister Churchill and Pre- mier Stalin agreed in the Crimea meeting that the political affairs o: (Continued on Page 5, Col. 4) Moses Lake Area Produces Tico 'Watered9 Crops in Season Ryukyu Isles FormingBase For Attack Military Hero Is Favored For Post as Overall Commander in Far East By U. S. Congressman By James Hutcheson MANILA, Sunday General Republicans Expecting to Retake Seats SEATTLE OF) The Republican party is optimistic of recapturing senate and congressional seats held Washington Democrats in the 1946 elections and food will be a predominant issue in the campaign, Herbert W. Brownell, Jr., chair- man of the Republican national committee, declared here. Brownell blamed the nation's food shortage on "planned bungling" by he Democratic administration, as- serting that the Republican food program which calls for centra- lized control of production and dis- tribution must be adopted before the situation is alleviated. 'Careless planning by ell the agencies concerned without coor- dination" has resulted in present food shortages, he said. "The Re- publican food program would have corrected this situation." The national chairman said Re- publicans believe there is an ex- cellent opportunity to win the sena- torial seat held by U. S. Senator Hugh B. Mitchell and those of Con- gressmen Hugh De Lacy, Henry M. Jackson, Charles Savage and John M. Coffee, all Democrats. Brownell was met here by J. M. Dasdey of Qlympia, Republican state chairman, Tyrt Hollander, county chairman, Frank Ostrander, county secretary, and Mrs. Marion Schulte of Spokane, state vice chair- man. Brownell will go to Yakima Sunday and Spokane Monday. Three Injured In Car Crash Three people were in a local hospi- tal with severe cuts and bruises following an accident Saturday eve- ning when the auto in which they were riding collided with a Union Pacific freight train a block south of the Ninth street crossing, near the fairgrounds. The injured were Mrs. Manuel Palazzo and her 12-year-old daugh- ter. Aneta Frances, and a younger daughter whose name was not learned, of Route 3. State natrol officers who investi- gated the accident report Mrs. Palazzo was returning home from town and was driving on a private road off Ninth street at a low rate of speed, approaching a crossing. She apparently did not see the train until too late and turned the wheel to run the car parallel to the loco- motive in an effort to get the car between the tracks and a woodpile The engine hit the right side o: the car. carrying it 45 feet and dumping it over on its side in the! ditch. The train traveled 200 feet, from the point of impact until it HacArthur announced extension of lis Pacific army command to the Ryukyu islands Saturday, thus for the first time assuming direct con- :rol of conquered Japanese soil in his drive "on to Tokyo." The announcement declared that the Ryukyus, with the Philippines, 'form a great semicircular base from which a mighty invasion force is being forged under the primary responsibility of General MacArthur tor the final conquest of Japan." General Doolittle's Eighth air force, to be based on Okinawa, will je under General Spaaz' U.S. army strategic air forces, which remain separate from the MacArthur com- mand. Units under MacArthur already in the area or moving up from ths Philippines include General Stil- well's Tenth army and Gen. George C. Kenney's far east air forces, which include the Fifth, Seventh and 13th air forces. The extension of command, which became effective Tuesday midnight, was not a sudden shift. MacArthur previously had announced the ap- pointment of General Stilwell ta succeed the late Lt. Gen. Simon Bo- livar Buckner Jr. as commarder of (Continued on S, CoL 7) Fire Flares in Three Spots PORTLAND WV- State foresters said Saturday night reports from outports of the big Tillamook fores fire indicate new trouble in at leas' three spots. The eastern edge of the flaming zone was smoking badly in the Fo- rest Grove watershed and patrol. hinted more men may be called ou to help city fire equipment hold a line wetted" down the last few days To the south flames were "on the j on one leg. The younger child 'loose again" along Hembre only received sereve bruises. 1 and threatening to race into a rug- iged sector where state headquar- Iters said fires could sweep un- Low-Priced Shoes to Go Off Rationing WASHINGTON If) A generous supply of inexpensive shoes is slat- ed for ration-free tags soon in a move probably heralding the end of all footwear rationing early next -year, OPA Saturday formally announc- ed the temporary release from ra- tioning of a wide variety of shoes retailing for a pair of less. The release will be effective from August 27 through October 13 and will apply to men's and women's shoes in that price group. Stocks of children's shoes are not enough to be included, it was stat- ed. Meanwhile, a war production board official predicted that shoe rationing probably will end al- together early in 1946. "If Japan surrenders sooner, shoe rationing will go out the win- dow shortly after said this official, who asked that Ms name not be used. Deep cuts In military require- ments are the basis for the optim- istic forecast, the official explain- ed, adding that it "seems logical" that the army and navy shoe needs may be trimmed again before the year is over. At the same time he termed "too rosy" a report by the trade paper National Footwear news that ra- tioning "might be lifted in two or three months." This could be done, the WPB of- ficial added, only if the war should end quickly." Dayton Fire Does Damage was stopped, according to statel 0ATTON Fire that Saturday natrni nffjpprx. j afternoon threatened several Main business was re- patrol officers. Mrs. Palazzo received s large cut and bruises on her head and numerous other cuts. She was also suffering from shock. She was .re- leased from the hospital Saturday night. The girl, who remained in the hospital also was badly cut treet business buildings was re- ported out early Saturday night after the C. E. Suffield Co- furni- ture store. Third and Main streets, had been practjcajjy gutted While no official estimates of the damage was available it was believf-d in and bruised and had a severe the loss win run close to The fire was confined principal- ly to the one building although there were several times when fire The car was said to be a total loss. According to Union Pacific of- department believed the hampered for more than nins miles finals the engineer on the tram'flames woula spread to nearoy I Crews were cruisinc the south U-3S j. >j. oj Walla Walla i buildings. of Columbia basin reclamation are he said. harvesting two crops of I T ttiis year with returns ranging up', an to tt-200 an acre. culture. Moses Lake, a sand-coa'.ed lit'Je town with a pre-war population of 325, has lerned in six years that lie desert dust turns to gold dust when touched by the magic of wa- ter. It has pyramided a 200-acre trial plot ot potatoes into a OOO.OW) industry j ape has grown to :-1 town's population tones larger than in pre-war years., slowed oays. for vested an crop of gems or white rose potatoes, be immediately replants Jie field to netted gems and is able to harvest a second crop in the same season. A Washington Stale college apr.no- trri again but foresters said they doubted they ccraV locate addition-, al manpower. Saturday foresters said the battle with the flaming 200.000! rn ne knew of no other acre zone was on a "touch and the nation which produces bant but forecasts of lower rrjmi- place in which wat dis- umnncni late covered shortly after 2.30 p am Saturda-r eight that some construe- dry grass work T, earbr obscured the view field company buildinj at Ma-, and Third streets: Saturday and stjil burning fiercely in the early evening, after bavins: des- troyed the buiJQing anc its con- tents. The fire was first seen >nrmng in dry and a woodpile behind the Dayton Chronicle j building.' The alarm was in i by a nvember of the ncwparper but by the he relumed rear of the a reports ht that i work nearby obscured the view at the crossing. Chinese Move Up on Tungan CHTNGKING force? ij----- idirv for Sunday may chance the bai'ercd toward the rail Hrre en the of the proposed, twopwuo described a, the of Tun can. only 24 rmle, larri only last Irc" than a, farmer American city Suffield company wsr s'.ready month ago. of Lincbnc. Saturday and threaten- abla.re. ed to block the withdraw- i The Oamcj: spread :nto al from Kwanftj prtmnre in south --jam building oT the concern. MOSCOW EXPECTS SOONG MOSCOW W Chinese sources said Saturday that Premier T. V. Soong and China's new foreign rrinister. Dr. Wans Shih-Chicn. trere expected here withn or five dars resume suFr-pnded dsnafj the Potsdam zneetmg. i.i uit; were then notified and a 1st pcr.nea rat name land was io S.10 an arre pine a totai of 30 ca.loaas o, _ I centra! alarm put out. under wri.'cri Moses Lake six years aeo a day. the town's economy is bunt According ti JeffTis the same country wall: ,a few pioneers hit on thi idea of' on potatoes. man was caught prowling on North] for I pumping water from the lake onto I Growers are confident, moreover. Se-enth street ir. July of Ai that time a resident of triat die- world bank and sn international the coilTThe value haj? zc-omed now 1 that the economy wfTC last, beyond ftmd designed ir promote postwar 1 to Sl.'X) to an acre, he said t a rr-n an3 he picked over 1o rnil.tary .sh up y M-3 'ary are taking criarjre of ra ease. j trade stitbilire exchange rales, i anther the of potato A two-crctj aix3 a with sn grcwer in the srra. the pnjl which has rcJed fcr put br 44 nations at Sretiin was out on a-nailinjr water, they contend, wll acres. The firrt to underwrite Co-lum- en S, CoL 1) i aad ia roc years the potato acre- bia agricultural future Banifh ITilA Sunday Xeirf Say. there" you eel a Sunday Union-Bulletin today or will TOU be among ihe few who will be lonesome all day! Banish that Sunday lonesome- ness' Get hep to one of the interesting, vitally irnportar't "readingpieces" published. Read dafv and on Sunday jive with it" China, the Chinese command re-, which operates a fumira'e and porXJ ar-d swi en- Stnkirc from the falien veloped the on the ese bartnn >-t Smnirg. 55 fl'w ?.c Liicknj. Three ho-jrs the brcAe simo Chianp Kai-shek's troops, rrjt it was stil] ojt of hsv- made "much progress" toward Tun- jnc of of jtan in a sweep throuch the Suffield cor-psny. The ese defense rriE. a cwnmumtjue j was badly darnaecd. ana ?aid. reroir rr-TtV THE WEATHER ,nert d-v.r. mcnsfd but hsfl Clear and nUgbllt- rot been oarnajT'i! rv-jih up to 5 warmer Sunday. p IK. t, INEWSPAPERif ;